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ROMANCE WITH CHAOYUN                   313

Su wrote two poems to Chaoyun in the year of their arrival. The
poems were remarkable in that tie sentiment of love was blended with
the sentiment of religion. In the first poem, written within two weeks
of his arrival, he paid tribute to her by saying that she was not like
Hsiao Man, the concubine of Po Chuyi, who left him in his old age,
but was like Tungteh, who remained with Ling Yuan all his life. He
regretted the fact that the child she had borne did not grow up, but
praised her as a celestial maiden of Vimalakirti in the service of God.
Throwing aside the long-sleeved dancing dress of the past, she was now
occupied with Buddhist sutras and the pill furnace. When the pill
should be formed, she was going to say good-bye to him and enter the
fairy mountains. No longer would she be like the fairy maiden of the
Wu Gorges, tied to a mortal union.

The sublimation of the love passion to a religious level was even
more apparent in the second poem, which contains a curious mixture
of sensuous love and religious elevation,

"When time's due course doth age with white hair crown,
And Vimalakirti so well doth one become,
Fear not the flower petals that dp no harm,
Though the heavenly maiden scatters them around.
Thy cherry lips woo, and thy hair glorifies,
So this eternal cycle of life goes on,
Because this sentient heart of love is fond,
Engenders human gestures and mortal ties.
I see thee sit with a sweedy pensive smile,
Setting thy curls, or letting them archly fall.
Tomorrow is Tuanwu Day! Come, I shall
Pick thee a corsage of orchids, with a poet's wile
Discover the best poem that can be found,
And write it on the flowing lines of thy gown."

Chaoyun also was interested in the Taoist art of prolonging life. In
Huichow, Su felt that now was the time to take up again seriously the
quest for the elixir of immortality. During his Huichow period he
called his studio the "Studio of Clean Thinking", whether he was
living on the right or the left bank. The choice of the name for a studio
by a scholar is usually intended to express or sum up in one or two
words a philosophy of life. Su Tungpo had arrived at a point where he
believed not only in simple living and clean thinking, but that clean
thinking was the basis for simple living. The idea of achieving control
of the mind as the basis for long life and the road to immortality was
his way of uniting the truths taught by Confucianism, Taoism, and
Buddhism. The inscription he wrote on this "Studio of Clean Think-